Tools for the protection of human rights - The right to education
The Center for Justice and International Law and the Latin American Campaign for the Right to Education (CLADE) present a new addition to the series "Tools for the Protection of Human Rights: Summaries of Jurisprudence", focusing on the Right to Education.
The publication identifies and compiles the main decisions made by regional courts related to the right to education, in order to make accessible the main standards produced by international bodies as well as to distribute them amongst those who work in this thematic area.
The volume includes judgments of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the European Court of Human Rights, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the UN´s Human Rights Committee, which provide knowledge on the way these bodies have dealt with the different dimensions of the right to education and how they have interpreted the scope of protection. Additionally, some United Nations documents that offer conceptual elements on the specific content and scope of the right to education were included as annexes.
A review of school teachers’ pay in England and Wales compared with other graduate professions
The report commissioned by the National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers (NASUWT) shows that since 2010 the pay gap between teaching and other professions has widened.
According to Chris Keates, the National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers (NASUWT) General Secretary, "teaching has moved from being the number one choice for graduates in 2010 to one now where graduates are increasingly looking to other higher paid professions. There is already a recruitment and retention crisis in the Education Service. The stark differences in graduate pay highlighted in our research will unfortunately mean this crisis will worsen."
Eurydice report: National Sheets on Education Budgets in Europe 2014
The new National Sheets on Education Budgets in Europe: 2014 reveal that 2 out of 3 countries/regions in Europe are increasing their education budget for 2014 by more than 1 % at current prices. Conversely, 7 countries decreased their budgets by more than 1 %. Overall, statistics reveal that budget differences between countries are increasing.
The report covers 34 education systems across 29 European countries – most EU Member States, as well as Iceland, Norway, Montenegro and Turkey. The national sheets present an overview of the education budgets by type of expenditure and level of education.
CEDAW's concluding observations warn against privatisation of education in Ghana
In its concluding observations, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) expressed its concerns "about the trend towards privatisation of education and the priority given to schooling of boys over girls" in Ghana. The Committee recommended that Ghana "intensify efforts to reduce disparities in access to education and in terms of quality of education between urban and rural areas as well as public and private schools".
These recommendations follow a recent report by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, which formally asked the Ghanaian Government to explain itself on the growing privatisation in education and the effect it has on the realisation of the right to education for all in the country.
Corporate influence in the Post-2015 process
This working paper examines the role and influence of business actors in the process towards the Post-2015 agenda of the UN, with particular attention to the influence of large transnational corporations.
Privatisation in Morocco - CESCR Parallel Report
The report, compiled by the GI-ESCR and a coalition of Moroccan civil society organisations on privatisation in education, has been submitted to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR). It will be complemented by another more exhaustive contribution, which will be sent to the Committee before the review of Morocco.
It draws on some of the research conducted by the Moroccan Coalition on Education for All (CMEPT) and the GI-ESCR as part of the elaboration of a parallel report on the same subject for the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which reviewed Morocco in September 2014 and adds new elements to the analysis of the impact of privatisation on the right to education in Morocco.
Despite the strong recommendations of the CESCR in 2006 and the concluding observations of the CRC in 2014, both expressing concerns about the uncontrolled development of private education in Morocco, the Government recently announced plans to reform the education system that includes further supporting private education, with a target of 20% of children in private schools by 2018 (it was 3% in 2000, 13% at the moment), and, crucially, the development of public-private partnership model in education.
TALIS 2013 Results: An International Perspective on Teaching and Learning
While the focus of Teaching and Learning International Study (TALIS) reports led by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has been on lower secondary education so far, this 2013 report broadens the picture to include both primary and upper secondary teachers. Significant similarities between both levels are revealed, such as the highly needed support for training, personnel and material resources at all levels of school systems.
The 2013 TALIS report also shows that most teachers across all education levels, although passionate about their work, feel that their profession is not valued by their society.
Privatisation of schools - Selling out the right to quality public education for all
This booklet brings together educators from different countries to examine the negative effects of privatisation on the right to education, education quality, equity and teaching. Building upon specific examples in the US, Canada, Chile and South Africa, it makes the argument that privatisation increases inequality and stratification in education, and substitutes good public policy with the vagaries of charity or the single-mindedness of profit-making.
Privatisation in Chile - Report to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
The report was submitted by several civil society organisations to the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ahead of its pre-session during the first week of December, following which it will decide on a "list of issues", including questions which the Chilean authorities will have to respond to in writing. It calls on UN human rights experts to question the government of Chile about the human rights violations resulting from its privatised education system. The report is also released while the Chilean parliament is about to review a second package of laws to reform the education system, which will be crucial for the future orientation of the education system in Chile.
EFA GMR Policy Paper: Increasing Tax Revenues to Bridge the Education Financing Gap
The new EFA-GMR new policy paper shows that, if governments in low and middle income countries modestly increased their tax-raising efforts and devoted a fifth of their budget to education, they could fill over half of the annual funding gap for basic and lower secondary education.
Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All – Findings from the Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children
This joint UNESCO Institute for Statistics/UNICEF report shows that around 63 million adolescents between the ages of 12 and 15 are denied their right to an education.
In total, 121 million children and adolescents have never started school or dropped out despite the international community's promise to achieve universal primary education by 2015. Data show that there has been almost no progress in reducing this number since 2007.
As pressure mounts to include universal secondary education in the post-2015 global development agenda, the report presents the way forward to break the barriers, often related to poverty, that keep children out of school.
Key findings are presented in an interactive data tool illustrating why millions of children are being left behind.
Teaching Teachers: Primary Teacher Training in Europe - State of Affairs and Outlook
A new study by the European Parliament assesses the state of initial teacher training, early career support and continuous professional development in Europe from the perspective of teachers and teacher educations in primary schools in Europe. The European Parliament's investigation takes into account the results of the ETUCE Mini-survey on the impact of the economic crisis on teacher education in the European Union (2012) and the EI/ETUCE Study on stress: the causes of stress for teachers, its effects, and suggested approaches to reduce it (2001).
The study underlines that the economic downturn has forced member states to reduce investments in education, hindering the quality of education. It concludes with policy recommendations on how to further improve teaching quality through teacher education and continuous professional development.
2014 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to education
At the last United Nations General Assembly, the Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Mr. Kishore Singh, presented his report focusing on the State obligations for the provision of the right to education as well as respect for the principles of social justice and equity, in face of the exponential growth of private education.
The report underlines that Governments must meet their international obligations through strengthening their public education system and carefully regulating private schools,calling upon States to put an end to market-driven education reforms providing subsidies to private education.
Privatization of education and rights violations in Brazil: notes for the Committee on the Rights of the Child
The report was produced by the Brazilian Campaign for the Right to Education (Brazilian Campaign) and the NGO Ação Educativa, expressing concern around the proliferation of privatisation of education in Brazil and its negative impacts on the right to education. It complements a recent submission to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) by the Brazilian National Association of Centers for the Defense of Child Rights (ANCED) and calls upon the Brazilian State to limit the role of the private sector in education, from preschool to higher education.
Privatisation of Education: Global Trends of Human Rights Impact
As indicated by the Right to Education Project: "This report addresses key impacts of privatisation on the right to education by compiling findings from a human rights based analysis of 18 social research papers that cover Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, which were commissioned in 2012 by the Privatisation in Education Research Initiative. Through applying a human rights based analysis to these previously gathered examples of privatisation of education, the report highlight some of the key positive and negative human rights impacts, and identify recommendations for stakeholders, as well as the potential areas for further human rights-focused research on privatisation of education."