Humanitarian impacts of the economic crisis in Europe
This is a comprehensive report on the more humanitarian aspect of the affects of the economic crisis on societies; this report contains only a portion of educational hinderances accounted for during the European recession that began in 2008. Additional information on the affects on education is also available on this webpage.
"Youth seem to be more divided and there is a worrying development of a growing number of young people with difficulties finding additional training or employment after finishing their compulsory education."
-Finnish Red Cross
UN: "Realising a Future We Want for All" report to the Secretary General
The UN believes that the ”central challenge of the post-2015 UN development agenda is to ensure that globalization becomes a positive force for all the worlds’ peoples of present and future generations. The purpose of a global development agenda is thus not to prescribe specific development strategies or policies, but to provide guidance for priority setting at all levels (global, regional, national and sub-national). Such an agenda should help create an enabling environment to meet shared objectives, support global solutions to global problems and guide national development efforts, while supporting the empowerment of people to determine their own futures. This report of the UN System Task Team aims to serve as a reference to orient these ongoing discussions and the broader consultation process taking place among governments, the UN system and other international organizations, civil society, academia and the private sector.”
The impact of the economic crisis on higher education: A UNESCO study on Asian and Pacific regional higher education
“In late 2009, the UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education in Bangkok, Thailand, established the Educational Research Institutes Network in the Asia-Pacific (ERI-Net) to encourage and facilitate regional cooperation in carrying out analytical studies on tertiary education policy issues in the region.
The first task of ERI-Net was to conduct a study on the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on higher education. Preliminary findings were shared with policy makers, university researchers and educators from China, Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Republic of Korea and Thailand at an ERI-Net seminar held in Bangkok on July 2010. Based on the discussion, feedback and recommendation from participants, the case studies were revised and are now available in this 2012 publication.”
ITUC Report: The Social Crisis behind the Economic Crisis - the Millions of Young People Unemployed (May 2012)
“We are a precarious generation: unemployed, underpaid or working for free and invisibly, sentenced to a long dependence on our parents. Precariousness is our leitmotiv, we live our lives in the absence of any rights: the right to study, to housing, to a decent income, to health, to live our emotional relationships happily and freely.” –The Italian ‘Our Life is now. Life doesn’t wait.’ network.
The idea of young people being hit hardest by the economic crisis is one that predicts an ‘increasingly hazy future;’ a fact that will inevitably hurt long-term employment growth potential; a threat that the Interntional Trade Union no longer wants to ignore.
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung: Fixing Finance is Not Enough
A text based on the discussions of the 2011 conference on rising inequalities and the need for a sustainable international financial system is divided into four sections: that of political challenges, that of the linkages between inequality, the state of multilateralism and the financial crisis, that of embedding social policies in financial ones, and that of the challenges that inequality places on development. This text aims to discuss the social and financial consequences that these four interlocking issues will have, both domestically and internationally.
OECD Skills Outlook 2013
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has launched its OECD Skills Outlook 2013. This report emphasises that boosting skills is essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being. The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills released on 8 October. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality. The Survey measured the skills of 16 to 65-year olds across 24 countries and looked at how literacy, numeracy and problem-solving is used at work.
UNESCO 2012 EFA Global Monitoring Report
The 2012 UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report focuses on "Youth and Skills". It finds that most countries that accelerated progress towards EFA over the last decade did so by increasing spending on education substantially or maintaining it at already high levels. The report acknowledges the ambition of many countries to reduce or abolish tuition fees, and highlights the importance of removing financial barriers to accessing primary and secondary education.
This year’s report stresses the need to develop young people’s skills for work, noting the fact that governments around the world are grappling with the long-term consequences of the financial crisis and the challenges posed by increasingly knowledge-based economies. EI agrees and insists that governments and development partners should invest in education, including vocational education and training in order to ensure that young people develop to their full potential.
Written by an international group of economists and social scientists, this report sets out alternative approaches and policies for Europe and all countries that rely on government cutbacks and austerity policies to cope with debt problems in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The report argues that continued deflation in developed countries will reduce growth in the rest of the world, worsening poverty among the poorest. The report argues that a recovery 'with a human face' needs to be inclusive: "expanding employment opportunities, sustaining health and education services, and providing social protection support for those below the poverty line, especially women, as a matter of social and economic justice".
ActionAid-EI Education Financing Toolkit
This is a toolkit for establishing a strong system that will finance education regardless of country to origin or cultural background. These guidelines seek to help responsible countries end their lack of funding for education whether by domestic or international pressure. Action Aid and Education International, together with several other contributing sources, seek to point out and provide the resources to support that Education is an essential tool, and that together we can unite under the common goal of an equal and fit education to be available for every individual.
Eurydice Report: Funding of Education in Europe: The Impact of the Economic Crisis
A 2013Eurydice report, on the impact of the financial and economic crisis on education budgets across Europe, reveals that investment in education fell in eight out of 25 Member States since 2010. The report analyses trends in education spending in 35 European regional and national education systems between 2000-2012. The analysis covers the developments in education funding from pre-primary to tertiary level and provides an overview of the main trends in the adult learning sector in 31 European countries.
The Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on the Budgets of Low-Income Countries
This OXFAM sponsored report by Katerina Kyrili and Matthew Martin of Development Finance International examines, "This report examines the impact of the global financial crisis on the budgets of lowincome countries, especially their spending to reach the Millennium Development Goals. The crisis created a huge budget revenue hole of $65bn, of which aid has filled only one-third. As a result, after some fiscal stimulus to combat the crisis in 2009, most LICs (including those with IMF programmes) are cutting MDG spending, especially on education and social protection...The report urges the international community to make strong new aid commitments at the Millennium Summit in September 2010, funded by financial transaction taxes or other innovative financing; the IMF to encourage LICs to spend more on MDG goals and on combating climate change and to report regularly on such spending; and LIC governments to increase spending on social protection and education; taxation of income; property and foreign investors; and efforts to fight tax avoidance".
Global Labour University: Trade unions and the global crisis
The International Labour Organization’s and the Global Labour University’s collaborative text on how to navigate a wavering status quo during the tumultuous tide of an economic recession. The ILO and the GLU examine a wide range of approaches that seek to eliminate any demoralized motivations or attitudes reminiscent of the booming capitalism of post-WWII, while focusing on how to drive home the more concrete trade union initiatives such as solidarity, human rights, and a more productive means of accomplishing work.
ETUI Study: Exiting from the crisis - towards a model of more equitable and sustainable growth
The European Trade Union Institute’s collaborative compilation of articles examines a wide range of issues such as: monetary and fiscal policies, short and long-term employment statistics, different economic growth development models, labour markets and standards, etc., as they pertain to different regions around the globe. Joseph Stiglitz kick starts Exiting from the crisis… with his preface, “Any economic system has to be graded on its ability to provide sustainable increases in well-being to the vast majority of its citizens …” He goes on to point out that, “We may have pulled back from the brink at which we stood in the fall of 2008, but we are not out of the woods…”